Tunesië, Tunis; Georg Braun/ Frans Hogenberg - Tunetis Urbis (..) - 1561-1580

Tunesië, Tunis; Georg Braun/ Frans Hogenberg - Tunetis Urbis (..) - 1561-1580
Oud gekleurd.

Bird-eye view of Tunis.

TRANSLATION OF BOTTOM CARTRIDGE LEFT: View of the town and new Tunis fortress and La Goulette - the latter already taken by force by King Philip of Spain. Occupied by the Turks and Moors under Selim, the king of Thrace, it was stormed in July and August 1574 by Philip after encampments had been established.

BOTTOM RIGHT CARTRIDGE: Poem on the battles waged over Tunis, expressing hope for Philip's victory.

COMMENTARY BY BRAUN: "Emperor Charles V desired to take the opportunity to rob the tyrannical enemy of all Christians of his power. After procuring in Barcelona only the very best of all that was required for war, he took to the seas with his army in 25 July in the year 1538 and, after crossing the Mediterranean, arrived at the formidable and mighty fortress of La Goulette. This he besieged with all his might, shot, stormed and captured, apprehending Barbarossa while fleeing, and to his pleasure, acquired the town of Tunis, which surrendered."

This depiction of Tunis shows the town under siege: the town is seen from the east, as well as the Gulf of Tunis, and the large stagnant lagoon (stagnum), today called El Bahira, in front of it. At both entrances to the sea the fortresses La Goulette and Nova Arx are found; The town is seen in the background.
Tunis, which was founded before the 9th century BC, was always an apple of discord due to its location. Following multiple Arabic and African rulers the Europeans attempted to capture the town for the first time in 1270. Yet it wasn't until 1535 that this could be accomplished, by Charles V, who with it achieved an important victory over the Ottoman Empire; he was even able to defeat the Turk's most formidable leader, Khair ad-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa. In 1569 the Turks captured Tunis under Kilic Ali Pasha, then lost it in 1573 to Philip II of Spain and won it back in 1574. (Taschen)

This plate is engraved after an Italian engraving L'Ultimo disegno dove si dimostra il vero sito di Tunisi et la Goletta with a representation of Emperor Charles V besieging Tunis, 1535. (British Museum, no. 64,162).

Copper engravings Slightly browned.
Size: 32.5 x 41.5 cm (12.7 x 16.2 inches)

Land (huidige geografische locatie)
Geografische aanduiding
Georg Braun/ Frans Hogenberg
Kaart / Boektitel
Tunetis Urbis (..)
Aanvullende informatie
Oud gekleurd.
Afmetingen van de grootste afbeelding
38×48 cm
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