AR Denarius (3.95 g, 19 mm.)
Minted in Rome, 137 BC
Obv: Helmeted and draped bust of Mars right; behind, TI VET.
Rev: Youth kneeling left head right, holding a pig; flanked by a soldier on either side, who each hold a spear and touch the pig with their sword; above, ROMA.
Ref: RSC Veturia 1; Crawford 234/1; Sydenham 527.
The denarius of Ti. Veturius is the first to break with the traditional charioteer type. The oath-taking scene relates to one of Rome’s most traumatic defeats, in 321 BC during the second Samnite War. The Roman army, marching to relieve the siege of Luceria was trapped in the defile of the Caudine Forks, and faced extermination by the Samnians holding the high ground. The two consuls commanding the army, Ti. Veturius Calvinus and Sp. Postumius, agreed to surrender and the sponsio or sacrifice of a pig, was a sacred oath to abide by the terms of the surrender. When the two consuls returned to Rome they declared that Rome and rest of the army was not bound by the agreement, since it was not a formal treaty, and they would surrender themselves to the Samnites as oath-breakers and allow Rome to pursue the war.
Please see the photos for a better impression.
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- Romeinse Republiek
- Ti. Veturius, 137 v.Chr.
- Jaar / Periode en Variatie
- Rome mint - Young man holding a pig; Soldier on each side, with swords
- Niet gecertificeerd